“A woman brought us into this world, so we have no right to disrespect one.” – Tupac Amaru Shakur .
Yes, every human being in this world has come from a woman, so no one has the right to disrespect a woman. But in this world, full of cruelty, people not only disrespect women, but women are even violated by them every single day. A woman gives birth to a man and man tortures a woman. Although the literacy rate of every country has been increasing but their morality has been decreasing day-by-day. People are pursuing degrees in various fields but they are losing their humanity. And women are becoming the victims of it.
What is violence against women ?
According to the United Nations, violence against women is “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”
Intimate Partner Violence – Intimate partner violence refers to behavior by an intimate partner or ex-partner that causes physical, sexual or psychological harm, including physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors.
Sexual Violence – Sexual Violence is any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or other act directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object.
The problem – Violence against women
There was a time people cried when a girl child was born because she has to be sent to her husband’s home after marriage and she can’t do anything except cooking and keeping the house clean, but now-a-days, whenever a girl child is born, people cry for her safety, the parents stay frightened when she becomes a teenager just because of the fact that she might be raped or sexually and physically be harassed. In a country like India, most of the girls stay inside after it’s dark outside. Although India is an independent country but it’s like India is not still independent. India can be called an independent country only when the girls will be able to stay outside even at night without any fear. Almost everyday, a girl is raped, a woman is harassed in this world. Not a single place left where a girl can feel safe, not in office, not at home even, because, although the literacy rate of India is growing up but still the Indians are not got out of their superstitious belief, whenever a girl child is born, they torture the mother as well as the daughter of the house i.e. the girl child. In so many states of India, the girl child is even killed right after birth.
Violence against women in the whole world
According to the global estimates published by WHO, about 1 in 3 (35%) of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence by their intimate partner in their lifetime. 35% of women worldwide has experienced either physical and or sexually intimate partner violence on partner sexual violence.Globally, as many as 38 % of murders of women are committed by an intimate partner.Globally, 7% of women have been sexually assaulted by someone other than a partner.200 million women has experience female genital mutilation or cutting.Intimate partner and sexual violence are mostly perpetuated by men against women.
Violence against women in India
Rape is one of the most common crimes in India. According to Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013, rape as penile and non penile penetration in bodily orifices of a woman by a man without the consent of the woman. India is considered to be the one of the world’s most dangerous country for sexual violence against women according to the national crime records Bureau Rio one woman is based every 20 minutes in India. Incidents of reported rape increased 3% from 2011 to 2012. Incidents of reported incest rape increased 46.8 % from 268 cases in 2011 to 392 cases in 2012. Despite its prevalence, rape accounted for 10.9% of reported cases of violence against women in 2016.
Hear the Nirbhaya case can be added. On December 16, 2012, a 23 year old woman was brutally assaulted and raper in a moving bus in South Delhi. Jyoti Singh a 23 year old female physiotherapy intern was travelling with her friend, Awinder Pratap Pandey, was beaten, gang raped and tortured on December 16, 2012 in Munirka, a neighbourhood in South Delhi. In a statement to Police, she said she wanted justice against the six attackers. The incident led to widespread demonstrations and protests across the country. It also started changes in the Lost about violence against women.
In the year 2012, a 16 year old girl was molested by around 30 men in full public view for about an hour on Monday night outside the Posh night club in Guwahati. The incident was witnessed by hundreds but no one came to help her and no one came to save her from those culprits.Again, on 31st May of the Year 2017, 58 year old Arnamai Bora, the headmaster of Elasi Deori LP School was raped allegedly by the duo while she was on her way to home from her school. The rapists later killed her and dumped her body in the river Kopili. A four-month-old baby girl from Hardoi who had come to Lucknow with her parents was killed after sexual assault on Sunday night in Madiaon. The father of the baby has filed an FIR accusing his 30 year old nephew of raping and murdering his daughter. While police have registered a case of rape and murder they said rape would be confirmed after autopsy. The accused, Pappu was arrested on Monday night.
Rape has become one of the most common crime against women. This must be stopped. There are a growing number of well-designed studies looking at the effectiveness of prevention and response programs. It is important to enact and force legislation and develop and implement policies that promote gender equality by ending discrimination against women in marriage divorce and custody laws; and discrimination in inheritance laws and ownership of assets; improving women success to paid employment; developing and resourcing National plans and policies to address violence against women.
The laws and policies can not only help in decreasing the rape cases the women the girls the ladies should be more careful than ever. They should learn how to protect themselves from the culprits. The women should learn to fight against dumb and when they feel uneasy with a person.Michelle Obama said, “There is no limit to what we as women can accomplish.” If we think, if we plan, we can win, we can success.Harriet Beecher Stowe said, “Women are the real architects of society.” A women can change a society and every change starts from a home. If women thinks, she can change everything. So each and every woman becomes a mother sooner or later if every mother teaches her son to respect women, then of course the rape cases the violence against women will decrease at a very fast rate.