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Music is an art. Basically singing (vocal), playing musical instruments and dancing are together called music. Music is the combination of these three arts. Music consists of rhythm and melody and in western music harmony is also included.

“The highest goal of music is to connect one’s soul to their Divine Nature, not entertainment.”                                   Pythagoras

Music is not just a thing of entertainment. Music is the food of the soul. It creates a connection between the soul and its divine nature. Music can never be defined in a word or a sentence. In fact all the words will not be enough to define music. Music is very essential for every human being. One cannot imagine one’s life without music. In each and every moment of life music is needed. Music is one of the basic needs of human beings. Music gives peace. It is a language of emotion which represents different feelings. Each and every feeling of a human being can be represented through music.

The basic elements of music are –

1.       Sound

2.       Rhythm

3.       Melody

4.       Harmony

5.       Texture

6.       Structure/ form

7.       Expression ( dynamic, tempo, articulation

Without these elements music cannot be created. With a view to create music, all these elements are must.

There are so many genres of music in the world. However, there is no such universally accepted classification of music. The genres given below are the top recorded music genres in the world –

·         Classical

·         Country

·         Electronic dance music (EDM)

·         Hip-hop

·         Indie rock

·         Jazz

·         K-pop

·         Metal

·         Oldies

·         Pop

·         Rap

·         Rhythm and blues

·         Rock

·         Techno

In this way, Asian music can also be classified. In each and every continent, country and state the classification of music differs. The genres of Indian music are as follows –

·         Hindustani classical

·         Carnatic

·         Punjabi

·         Rajasthani folk 

·         Assamese folk

·         Bollywood

·         Goa trance

·         Sufi etc.

These are only the basic genres of Indian music. There is so much folk music in India. Each and every state of India possesses its own folk music. India is a vast and diverse country. Hence Indian culture possesses diversity. For example, Assam, a north-eastern state of India has so many folk music forms. Bihu is its main folk music. Apart from it, lokgeet, borgeet, mishing bihu, karbi folk music, rabha folk music, deori folk music, jikir etc are Assamese music forms.

Music is so much related to nature. There is no such theory of its origin, but it might be said that the root of music is nature. All the passionate music lovers find music in the rain, the chirping of the birds, the wind etc. Music can be found in each and every element of nature.

Several answers are put forward regarding the invention of music. In one popular story of the Middle Ages, the Greek Philosopher Pythagoras is credited as the inventor of music. “Hurrian Hymn No. 6” is considered the world’s earliest melody, but the oldest musical composition to have survived in its entirety is a first century A.D. Greek tune known as the “Seikilos Epitaph.” The song was found engraved on an ancient marble column used to mark a woman’s gravesite in Turkey. An Irish harpist named Donnchadh O is considered to be the first musician. Making music is a universal human trait that goes back to at least 35,000 years ago. The Neanderthal flute from Divje babe is the oldest known musical instrument in the world and to this day the best evidence for the existence of music in Neanderthals. Indeed, other known Paleolithic flutes were made by anatomically modern humans. The first music video to launch on MTV was “Video Killed The Radio Star” from The Buggles.

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India has one of the oldest musical traditions in the world—references to Indian classical music (marga) are found in the Vedas, ancient scriptures of the Hindu tradition. The earliest and largest collection of prehistoric musical instruments was found in China and dates back to between 7000 and 6600 BCE. Indian classical music is a rich tradition that originated in South Asia and can now be found in all corners of the world. It’s origins date back to sacred Vedic scriptures over 6,000 years ago where chants developed a system of musical notes and rhythmic cycles. During this 16th century period, Tansen studied music and introduced musical innovations, for about the first sixty years of his life with patronage of the Hindu king Ram Chand of Gwalior, and thereafter performed at the Muslim court of Akbar. Many musicians consider Tansen as the founder of Hindustani music. Indian classical music is based on the ragas (“colors”), which are scales and melodies that provide the foundation for a performance. Indian Classical Music can be divided into two types – Hindustani and Carnatic. Purandara Dasa is considered the father of Carnatic music, while the later musicians Tyagaraja, Shyama Shastry and Muthuswami Dikshitar are considered the trinity of Carnatic music. Bhimsen Joshi is considered as the King of Indian Music. Some of the legendary singers of India are – Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Mohammad Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Hari Haran, Shreya Ghosal, Arijit Singh, Papon etc.

Music is in the heart of every human being. No music, no life and if you know music, you know life better. It’s the connection of the soul to its divine nature. Music is that kind of art without which no one can imagine life. Music is not just an art, it is a ray of hope, happiness, love and life.

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