Undoubtedly the Indian landmass is home to a large variety of flora and fauna.
It is home to several well-known animals, including the Asian elephant,rare one rhinoceros,deers,
and a variety of antelopes
which include the chausing antelope, the blackbuck, chinkara, chital, sambar (deer), Chinese antelope,antelope and the Kashmir stag.Bear,sloth bearthe Himalayan black bear, the Himalayan brown bear.
Various species of caprines, including Bhutan and Mishmi takin,
Himalayan and red goral, Himalayan serow, red serow, Himalayan tahr, and Nilgiri tahr,as well as the kiang and Indian wild ass can be found.
Bengal tiger and Indochinese tiger, Asiatic lion, Indian leopard,lndochinese leopard, snow leopard, and clouded leopard.
Various species of caprines, including Bhutan and Mishmi takin, reptiles like king cobra,Indian cobra, Indian python, reticulated python, and gecko are common.
Birds include Indian peacock, great Indian hornbill, painted stork, greater and lesser flamingo, and Eurasian spoonbill
The flora of India is one of the richest in the world due to the wide range of climate, topology and habitat in the country.
There are estimated to be over 18,000 species of flowering plants in India,
which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world.
India is home to more than 50,000 species of plants, including a variety of endemics.
The use of plants as a source of medicines has been an integral part of life in India from the earliest times. There are more than 3000 Indian plant species officially documented as possessing into eight main
floristic regions : Western Himalayas, Eastern Himalayas, Assam, Indus plain, Ganges plain, the Deccan,
Malabar and the Andaman island.
The quality of being rich in terms of bio- diversity makes India consisting almost all big mighty creatures roam its jungles.
The Majestic walk of the silent Elephant,The roar of the King Lion,The ferociousness of the mighty Tiger…..etc are some prides of Indian Wild.The country offers immense opportunities for wildlife tourism.
The immense heritage of wildlife in India comprises of more than 70 national parks and about 440 wildlife sanctuaries including the bird sanctuaries.India has always been a fete for wildlife enthusiasts from around the world with its fascinating myriad of flora and fauna that has remained both unique and mysterious for nature lovers.
Wild conversation (National parks and Santuary)
According to the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests there are total number of 103 and 553
national parks and sanctuaries.National Parks are the areas that are set by the government to conserve the natural environment.
can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park,and the Sanctuary is a place
of refuge where injured, abandoned and abused wildlife is allowed to live in peace in their natural environment.
without any human intervention.By the reason of its ecological, fauna, flora, geomorphological,
or zoological association or importance,needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment.
No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife
The exploitation of land and forest resources by humans along with capturing and trapping for food and
sport has led to the extinction of many species in India in recent times.
These species include mammals such as the Asiatic cheetah, wild zebu, Indian Javan rhinoceros, and Northern Sumatran rhinoceros.While some of these large mammal species are confirmed extinct, there have been many smaller animal and plant species whose status is harder to determine.
Many species have not been seen since their description.
Gir forest in India has the only surviving population of Asiatic lions in the world.
In the late 1960s, there were only about 180 Asiatic lions.
There were 523 Asiatic lions in the Gir sanctuary in Gujarat state which in 2018 increased to more than 600.
The Wildlife has many threats around it. The construction of industries, houses, dams..etc are some of them which has left few areas where animals can breed, nest,feed or settle.
Being Human it our to let all the creature to live on earth peacefully. So our first step for this is to plant trees and reforestation . By creating wildlife sanctuaries we can protect natural habitat. It can be preserved by preventing deforestation.
planting trees( afforestation ) to create new forest which provides shelter and food for wildlife can also protect natural habitat of animals by creating wildlife sanctuaries.
India has a rich variety of flora and fauna. Man has destroyed them to quite an extent. Animals that cannot adjust to the environmental changes , begin to die.
As a result, many animals and birds that once existed on the earth , have perished away.In country like India, where hunting is considered as an act of bravery,
animal head and skin are smuggled to other countries at huge prices.Some body parts of animals are used in Chinese and Tibetan medicines. Body parts of tiger, lion, and black buck are used in making trophies
Some important International NGO’s with branches in India are :-
1.The world wide Fund For nature ( WWF )
2.The International Union For the conservation of Nature and Natural resources ( IUCN )
3.The World conservation union ( WCU ) work of wildlife conservation.
The Government has taken various steps to conserve our natural vegetation and wildlife. Some of them are : –
Social Awareness programmes .
Wildlife protection act , 1972, provides protection to wild animals, birds, and plants.
These have been launched to protect the endangered species, e.g :- Project tiger , presently there are 29 tiger reserves in india, e.g :- Sariska tiger reserve , under the project elephant , there are 14 elephant reserves in india.
2.National parks .
These are the areas where wild animals and natural vegetation are together preserved. There are 96 national parks in india.
e.g ;- Kaziranga national park in Assam, Jim Corbett national park in uttarakhand.
Recently In Kaziranga national park a very rare Golden Tiger was spotted,which is symtoms of good forestation and result of
Being human it is our responsiblity to protect other living kinds too.In country like India still hunting is done even
though their is penlty of foods.Still in some areas of India hunting is a traditional and killing wild animals is a tradition.
Yearly crores of engineers are graduated but cent percent of them remain unemployed,nowadays each and every students goes to technical line but no one goes for vetenary.
In India birds are vanishing up due to the radiation effect created by cell-phones.The owner of
the cell-phone never thinks before it over time.Perhaps a person owns 2 to 3 cells-phones.
So being youth it our duty no only to read and share this types of things but also working on it.
We must reduce the excessive use of cell-phones and educate the people.
If it is ignore than time will come when we will be in the same problem.
“Killing an animal doesn’t make some brave but makes someone the greatest coward“