What is homeschooling?
Homeschooling is a kind of educational system where parents don’t send their kids to the school or any educational institute and instead of that they educate their kids in their own home. Here, the parents play the role of a teacher. In this system the parents teach their kids the values and lessons as they are taught at school.It was in the 1970s when the homeschooling movement began. In this period, some popular authors and researchers such as John Holt and Dorothy and Raymond Moore started writing about educational reform. Homeschooling was suggested as an alternative educational option by them. The system of homeschooling is more popular in the countries like Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA. In the 2011-12 school year, approximately 3% of the school-age population was homeschooled. Among the homeschooled children, a higher percentage has been seen among the Whites (83%)  than the Blacks (5%), Hispanics (7%) and Asian or Pacific Islanders (2%).


*Advantages of Homeschooling

Some of the advantages of homeschooling are mentioned below – 
1. The parents could control what their children learn.

2. It helps in building good relationships and bond between parents and children.

3. It is an opportunity for the kids to learn great lessons from their parents’ life experiences.

4. It is helpful in making parents aware of their children’s hidden talents.

5. It also helpful with a view to initiate discussion between parents and children where the parents can also learn from their children. 

*Disadvantages of home schooling

Some of the disadvantages of homeschooling are given below – 

1. Homeschooling can lead to dissatisfaction and frustrations among the children because of the reason that they cannot enjoy school and make new friends. 

2. It can lead to depression among the kids because they don’t get the chance to interact and learn with other people or the peers outside their home.

3. In this system the kids don’t get further opportunities as colleges ask for schooling certificates while seeking admission.

4. This system involves large costs. 

5. Homeschooling can never be like learning in the educational institutes along with teachers and the peers i.e. classmates. 

*Homeschooling in India*

Certainly no awareness is seen in India regarding homeschooling. There is an act in India called RTI Act, 2009 according to which every kid between  the age 7 to 14 years should attend school. This is in order to increase the literacy rate through the formal education system. The Government of India legally does not allow homeschooling. On the other hand the government would not interfere or act against those people who wishes to put his or her children through home teaching.

Conclusion

Homeschooling is educating a child at home instead of sending them to an educational institute. Through homeschooling parents can have more control over their children in terms of what they are learning. Some homeschooling parents believe that public school curriculum is not providing the right knowledge and skills for children. Due to fewer resources and with crowded classrooms, the teachers feel it more difficult to provide one-on-one instructions to students. Instead of that with homeschooling the parents can use a state approved curriculum and provide personalized instruction to their children which is often missing in today’s public schools which is why homeschooling is gaining more popularity day by day. 

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